Go to main navigation Navigation menu Skip navigation Home page Search

Brown bag seminar | The impact of industrial pollution exposure on hospital admissions: Evidence from a cement plant in Russia

Air pollution is Europe’s single largest environmental health risk. Several epidemiological and economic studies provide evidence of an association between ambient air pollution and human health, especially for children and elderly adults. Join the next SITE brown bag seminar as Mariia Murasheva, researcher at the Nova School of Business and Economics, will discuss the effects of daily intake of silicon dust (SiO2) exposure from cement production on the probability of hospital admissions for respiratory-related reasons.

The impact of industrial pollution exposure on hospital admissions: Evidence from a cement plant in Russia

Author(s): Mariia Murasheva, Maria A. Cunha-e-Sá

Abstract

Air pollution is Europe’s single largest environmental health risk (EEA, 2021). Several epidemiological and economic studies provide evidence of an association between ambient air pollution and human health, especially for children and elderly adults. This paper studies the effect of individual-level daily silicon dust (SiO2) exposure from cement production “Malcovskii portland cement” in the city of Fokino, Bryanskii region, central Russia on the probability of hospital admissions for respiratory-related reasons. We use an aerodynamic dispersion model to calculate the level of pollutant exposure at the individual-patient level. We find evidence that an extra 1 mg/m3 inhaled concentration of silicon dust increases the probability of hospital admissions by 0.8% for elderly adults and 3% for elderly males. Moreover, by dividing the city into four different regions according to the average exposure and including a measure of persistency, our research design allows us to identify a non-linear (concave) response of the individual probability of hospital admissions to the average daily inhaled concentrations in the city area where exposure is higher. A decrease in silicon dust concentration of the Russian daily standard level (from 320 to 60 mg/m3) decreases the number of hospital admissions by 9.6% among children who inhale high levels of silicon dust, which leads to potential savings around 0.2% of the regional annual health public budget. Therefore, our findings may contribute to better informing policymakers when designing sustainable environmental policies to reduce ambient local air pollution exposure (industrial air pollution) in Russia.

About the speaker

Mariia Murasheva is a PhD Candidate in Economics at the Nova School of Business and Economics (NovaSBE), Campus de Carcavelos – Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.

Mariia holds a Bachelor in Physics and a Master in Management from Saint-Petersburg State University. Her research is in Applied Microeconomics, with a special focus on the field of Environmental Economics. Her doctoral thesis focuses on air pollution and its impact on health and environmental justice. She expects to defend in the current academic year. She also has teaching experience as TA in the Master of Management at the NovaSBE.

Interested in joining the brown bag seminar?

The link to the seminar will be distributed by invitation only. If you are interested to attend the seminar – please contact site@hhs.se. Follow the instructions below:

  • Type the subject box with “Brown bag seminar *INSERT SEMINAR TITLE*”
  • Indicate your affiliation and field of interest.

For registered applicants, a Zoom link will be provided prior to the event via email with further instructions.

Photo by savva_25, Shutterstock.com

SOCIAL MEDIA

Follow us on social media to get the latest updates from SITE

  

SITE Climate Energy Environment Natural resources Sustainability Economics Brown bag