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Publications

A fresh look at whistleblower rewards

18 June 2021
Working paper: In recent years we have seen a rapid increase in legislation governing, protecting, and rewarding whistleblowers. More recently, EU enacted a directive protecting whistleblowers, the US has gone one step further long ago. In this paper. SITE researchers review the evidence for the effectiveness of US whistleblower reward programs and consider some recent novelties.

Green concerns and salience of environmental issues in Eastern Europe

08 June 2021
Policy brief: Changes in individual behavior are an essential component of the planet’s effort to reduce carbon emissions. But such changes would not be possible without individuals acknowledging the threat of anthropogenic climate change. This brief discusses the climate change risk perceptions across Europe.

Difficult times ahead for the Belarus economy

28 May 2021
Policy brief: The Belarus economy was already struggling to generate growth before both the corona pandemic and the political protests following the August presidential election. The lack of growth was the result of an incomplete transition process to modernize the economy combined with a strong reliance on the Russian economy and its dependence on international commodity prices that have not paid off in recent years. With the added political turmoil and, so far, lack of a new political and economic strategy, the economic outlook for Belarus looks grim. Even if a full-blown crisis may be avoided by restrictive economic policies, stagnation will nevertheless be the most likely outcome without fundamental reforms.

Carbon tax regressivity and income inequality

17 May 2021
Policy brief: A common presumption in economics is that a carbon tax is regressive – that the tax disproportionately burdens low-income households. However, this presumption originates from early research on carbon taxes that used US data, and little is known about the factors that determine the level of regressivity of carbon taxation across countries.

Inequality in the pandemic: Evidence from Sweden

28 April 2021
Policy brief: Most reports on the labor-market effects of the first wave of COVID-19 have pointed to women, low-skilled workers and other vulnerable groups being more affected. Research on the topic shows a more mixed picture. Researchers from the Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics (SITE); Pamela Campa, Jesper Roine and Svante Strömberg explores the Swedish labor market during COVID-19 crisis.

The future of energy storage: challenges and opportunities

26 April 2021
Policy brief: As the dramatic consequences of climate change are starting to unfold, addressing the intermittency of low-carbon energy sources, such as solar and wind, is crucial. The obvious solution to intermittency is energy storage. However, its constraints and implications are far from trivial. Developing and facilitating energy storage is associated with technological difficulties as well as economic and regulatory problems that need to be addressed to spur investments and foster competition. With these issues in mind, the annual Energy Talk, organized by the Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics, invited three experts to discuss the challenges and opportunities of energy storage.

Domestic violence – the case of Sweden during the pandemic

21 April 2021
Policy brief: Violence within the home is the most common form of interpersonal violence for women. While children and men are also victims of abuse of various kind within the family, intimate partner violence committed by men against women is generally the most common form of domestic violence. Has intimate partner violence increased in Sweden during the current COVID-19 pandemic?

Does the Russian stock market care about Navalny?

20 April 2021
Policy brief: Alexei Navalny is the most prominent opposition leader in Russia today. During 2020, he entered not only the domestic Russian news flows, but was a major news story around the world following his horrific Novichok poisoning in August. This brief investigates the response in the Russian stock market to news about Navalny.

What would have happened if Sweden had imposed a lockdown?

19 April 2021
Working paper: SITE researcher Giancarlo Spagnolo together with co-authors compare different indicators of the spread and consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic, developing a novel method to adjust daily COVID-19 deaths to match weekly excess mortality. Focusing on Sweden, the only country that has good data and did not impose a lockdown. What would have happened if Sweden did impose a lockdown back in 2020?

Surprised by wirecard? Enablers of corporate wrongdoing in Europe

09 April 2021
Working paper: The last two decades have uncovered a concerning range of corporate wrongdoing by large European firms in a wide variety of industries. What has driven European firms to engage in such systematic wrongdoing? In this article, SITE researcher Giancarlo Spagnolo and co-author Theo Nyreröd use data on US investigations to identify the European countries hosting most corporate wrongdoers.
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